The Anatomy of Fabrics - Natural Fibers
In the last post I talked about how fibers are transformed into yarns and then into fabrics. So, a fibers is the basic element. It can be of natural or man-made origin. Let´s take a closer look at the first category - natural fibers.
Natural fibers can be cellulose-based, taken from various plants or protein-based, taken from various animals.
The most famous plant fibers are definitely cotton and flax (linen). Nowadays, hemp or ramie are getting very popular. You can also know piña (from pineapple) which has been used for some centuries now, or coir (from coconut). Jute, sisal, etc are other examples of this type of fibers
I bet you know wool or silk. Wool is taken from sheep and has various categories. Silk is generally from mulberry silkworm cocoon. Cashmere is from cashmere goat, Mohair from an angora goat. Llama, Camel, alpaca and vicuña are all from camel-like species. And there is angora from a rabbit. These are the commonly known ones but of course, there can be more.
These fibers mentioned here are my favorite ones. In my work, I only use man-made fibers when I want to add a specific characteristic to a garment. I always avoid certain man-made fibers but you will find out which ones in the next post.